I think this is the question on everyone’s mind when embarking on a new diet- particularly diets that entail the cutting out of multiple foods like gluten, dairy, soy and eggs. This question comes up frequently in Paleo and Autoimmune Paleo (AIP) groups, especially.
The amount of “cheating” you can get away with and the ways in which you can cheat are dependent on four things: what type of reactions you are you having, where you are now, where you’d like to be, and the difference between the last two.
Different types of reactions merit varying degrees of strictness. Food intolerances to things like oxalate, histamine/amines, FODMAPs, and salicylates are generally dose-dependent. This means you can eat a bite of two without much of an issue, but if you eat a whole plate of a “bad” food (like tomato sauce if you’re doing the low histamine diet) you’ll pay the price.
Food allergies, sensitivities, and autoimmune reactions like Celiac disease are different, though. The immune system doesn’t care about quantity, only “is this bad thing around?” If you’re gluten-free, casein-free, or peanut-free you have to be 100% strict if you want to make any progress. It is frustrating, but with these reactions 99% of the work frequently yields 0% results.
Where you are now. If you have fibromyalgia, an autoimmune disease, or cancer, for example, you really shouldn’t be cheating at all on your diet. If you do, the consequences are likely going to be much more costly and your recovery from those cheats is going to be slow and painful. If, on the other hand, you are generally pretty healthy and not a lot of scary, acute stuff going on (or an autoimmune process), then you can likely get away with a little more.
Where you’d like to be. If you come to me and say that your goal is to run your first marathon in a year, then you’d better be ready to roll up your sleeves and work for it. If your goals are more modest, like just losing a few pounds so you look better in your sisters wedding this fall, then you won’t have to work quite as hard to get there.
The difference. Imagine coming in with the first story (fibromyalgia or an autoimmune disease) and having the goal of running a marathon in a year. This is a HUGE change, and frankly may be an unrealistic amount of pressure to put on yourself. In either case, assuming that this is where your at and that is your goal, the difference between point A and point B is tremendous and will thus require a tremendous amount of effort to get there.
The key with any restrictive diet is finding “safe cheats”. I don’t think it’s fair to put that much pressure on someone and make them think they have to be perfect- but you also can’t go and sabotage your own plan if you hope to get better. Whether it’s making coconut milk ice cream (yum!) or AIP gelatin gummies, find what’s safe for you and allows you to have a treat every now and again.This is why I like doing Cyrex testing on people before they embark on a restrictive diet or an elimination diet. These results can offer a light at the end of the tunnel to those on a restrictive diet, as it gives you an early prediction of what you will and won’t be allowed to reintroduce (or at least test). If something comes back as a screamin’ positive on a Cyrex test I tell folks that they have to say goodbye to that food for good. If it’s negative or “equivocal” I tell them they can try to reintroduce it after eliminating it for a set amount of time.
If you or somebody you know is interested in working with a functional medicine doctor please call my office at (919) 238-4094 and see if we are the right fit for you. Infinity Holistic Healthcare is located in Chapel Hill, North Carolina, part of the Raleigh-Durham “triangle” area.